Joint Accreditation Criteria Review: JAC4

The second grouping of JA criteria is headed Activity Planning and Evaluation. This set of eight criteria focus on how individual activities are designed, implemented, and evaluated.

JAC4 states: 

The provider incorporates into IPCE activities the educational needs (knowledge, skills/strategy, or performance) that underlie the practice gaps of the healthcare team and/or the individual members’ knowledge, skills/strategy, or performance as members of the healthcare team.

Education needs to have a reason. Why are we teaching this? Why aren’t learners doing what we want them to do?

This criterion looks at two intertwined pieces of answering that “why”: Practice gaps and educational needs. And a key thing to remember about JA is that we are designing education for the healthcare team. There may be a practice gap for the team as a whole. Maybe there are serious communication issues. Or it could be that individual members of the team are missing something. Physicians may need to better understand the role of the pharmacist and use different strategies when writing orders.

And, yes, sometimes you will have an activity that is intended for a single profession. To maintain JA, 25% of a program’s activities need to be interprofessional. Most programs have a higher percentage than that, but few have a program that is 100% interprofessional. But it is still a good exercise to think about the team and individual roles within the team as you are planning your activity.

I like to think of the practice gap as the forest and the educational needs as the trees. We get a big picture of something that’s not quite right when we identify a practice gap. We then can look for the reasons that gap exists to identify some educational needs. What don’t people know? What skills or strategies could they use to implement what they know? What are they just not doing?

This criterion asks you to show that you do that assessment and then use those educational needs to design the activity. You found an educational need that people just don’t know about a policy or best practice? Design for that. People are just not doing what they’ve been taught in other formats? Design for that.

And always keep the healthcare team in mind as you identify gaps and needs. Or keep them in mind at least 25% of the time.

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